The Adena and Hopewell Cultures



Over two hundred years ago, many people from Kentucky, Virginia, and other states in our new United States came to what is now Ross County to settle.  When they arrived, they found thick woods full of bear, deer, turkeys, and other wild animals. Eager to settle, they quickly cleared the land to make room for their homes, and fields for planting. The uncovering of the land led to their discovery  of  unusual  earthworks  which became known as Indian mounds.

These “indian mounds” were left for us by the Adena and later the Hopewell cultures.  Today, many of us pass by the ancient earthworks without a second thought.  Worthington elementary has the Story Mound almost in its back yard.  These earthworks not only have provided a look into our ancient past, but today attract hundreds of visitors to Ross County yearly.

We are so fortunate to have the Hopewell Culture National Historic Park ( nearby as a resource.  The park programs presented by park rangers are available during field trips to the park and also in your classroom. A curriculum guide has been developed for grades 3-8.  The free guide can be picked up at the park or downloaded from the internet at:

The teaching units below have been developed in conjunction with the expert staff at the Hopewell Culture National Historic Park. Each unit is in PDF format.  They include a teacher guide, text with illustrations and worksheet activities.  The unit can be printed or used as an overhead.

Please click on the read titles to pull up the PDF.

3rd grade

Discovering the Hopewell Culture – Gr. 3 10:14 copyHopewell booklet 6:18-xbayey

4th grade

Exploring Adena & Hopewell(1:2:16) Teacher Guide History Depot

Exploring Adena & Hopewell(1:2:16) Student Booklet History Depot



Welcome to Ross County’s History Depot!

The Ross County History Depot is a project to supplement the local Social Studies curriculums with materials and resources to tie local historical events to state and national events.  It is through this program, that Ross County students will gain knowledge and an appreciation of Ross County’s historical significance.  The ultimate goal is to  create a sense of pride in their community within students which will make them good caretakers of our historical heritage in the future.

Local history materials are plentiful, however collecting that information and turning it into classroom ready presentations and other instructional materials can be very time consuming for the classroom teacher.

Much of the material on the website has been uploaded in PDF format.  These can be reproduced or shown on the overhead.  The PDFs have been reduced in size so as to not overload the blog site.  This often distorts graphics somewhat. If you would like a higher quality copy of the PDF please contact us on the blog and a higher quality PDF can be sent to you. *This site is best viewed on a desk or laptop at 75%.  If topics cannot be viewed, click the red cog in the upper left hand corner of the page.

Teacher Input Welcome and Encouraged!   Please send comments, corrections, lesson ideas and additional resources on the different posts and topics presented on this blog.  They will be attached to the posts for the benefit of other educators visiting this blog.


Julie Lambert

Retired Educators!

Please note!  The Ross County History Depot  is a nonprofit endeavor to enrich students understanding of the significance of local history. The many pictures and illustrations included were provided as a courtesy for use in these educational publications only.  Educators and students are welcome to reproduce materials found on this blog for educational purposes.

Please direct any questions to Julie Lambert  at