The Canal Era in Ross County 1831-1907

Canal St. . .Three Locks Rd. . .old canal warehouses. . . Water St. . . Poland Park . . . all leftovers from a grand era in Chillicothe and Ross County’s history.  The Ohio and Erie Canal brought much prosperity to Chillicothe and Ross County.

*Farmers throughout the area prospered by selling their corn, wheat and livestock.

*Mills sprung up along the canal to grind the farmers grains.

*Merchants were able to provide their customers with a greater variety of merchandise, which in turn created greater profits for them.

*A number of the buildings and grand homes that still line our downtown streets were built by the merchants and business people who profited from the commerce brought to our community by the canal.

*An improving economy also meant jobs for many.

The Canal Era was a great period in our community’s history!

Please click on the read titles to pull up the PDF.

Kids Guide to the Ohio Erie Canal –  Explanation of many aspects of the Ohio & Erie Canal in Chillicothe:

*Economic need for the canal

*Rivers vs Canal

*Canal construction

*Locks, bridges, aqueducts

*Types of boats, cargo

*Economic benefits of the canal

*The Great Fire of 1852

*The Canal path

Kids Guide to Ohio Erie Canal -Teacher Guide Activities/worksheets to accompany the Kids Guide to the Ohio & Erie Canal.

Additional information resources:

The Canal – Its Rise and Fall in Ross County by John Grabb.  Interesting insight into seventy-five years of canal transportation in southern Ohio and its effect on the economy.

The Ohio & Erie Canal 1831-1907: A Guide to the Chillicothe Canal Path by Julia Lambert.  This walking tour of the Ohio & Erie Canal bed in Chillicothe is a concise illustrated guide to easily trace the path of the canal from north to south through the city.

Ohio and Erie Canal Motor Tour, Circleville to Chillicothe by Martha Gerber Rittinger.  Explores what was and still is remaining of the canal bed along Rt. 104.